Emergence
and Diffusion
of Multiple Drug Resistance
against antibiotics

Team Leader :

Aubry Alexandra

Contact the team

Our team mainly aims to elucidate the mechanisms of emergence and diffusion of multiple antimicrobial resistance (AMR) focusing on the Multi Drug Resistance (MDR) Mycobacteria, including Mycobacterium tuberculosis (Mtb) and MDR Enterobacteriaceae, especially Klebsiella pneumoniae species.

The team also uses several specific infection models to evaluate the in vivo activity of new antibiotic- or non-antibiotic (such as bacteriophages) -based strategies able to treat mycobacteria infections, or prevent / suppress colonisation by AMR Enterobacteriaceae.

Furthermore, the team also investigates neglected infectious diseases such as Buruli Ulcer, leprosy and rhinoscleroma (e.g. Klebsiella pneumoniae subspecies pathogenesis). Moreover, the team runs also the French National Reference Centre (NRC) of Mycobacteria.

 

Keywords : Mycobacteria – Enterobacteriaceae – Antimicrobial resistance – Epidemiology – Neglected Infectious diseases – Bacteriophage

Klebsiella pneumoniae colonies on Drigaslki plate with 3D models of phage (model made by Victor Padilla-Sanchez)
Antibiogram of a antibiotics multi-resistant Klebsiella pneumoniae
Mikulicz cells, typically found in rhinoscleroma upon K. rhinoscleromatis infection
Klebsiella pneumoniae colonies (colorised)

The team members

AUBRY Alexandra

AUBRY Alexandra

PU-PH/ Cheffe d’équipe

ORCID
AMARSI Rishma

AMARSI Rishma

Doc

ARLET Guillaume

ARLET Guillaume

Eméritat

ORCID
BLEIBTREU Alexandre

BLEIBTREU Alexandre

PH

ORCID
BONNET Isabelle

BONNET Isabelle

PHC - Doctorante

ORCID
CAPTON Estelle

CAPTON Estelle

TCN

ORCID
CHAUFFOUR Aurélie

CHAUFFOUR Aurélie

IE

ORCID
DECRE Dominique

DECRE Dominique

MCU-PH

ORCID
ECKERT Catherine

ECKERT Catherine

MCU-PH

ORCID
GODMER Alexandre

GODMER Alexandre

AHU - Doctorant

ORCID
GUGLIELMETTI Lorenzo

GUGLIELMETTI Lorenzo

PH

ORCID
JARLIER Vincent

JARLIER Vincent

Eméritat

ORCID
MAI Thi Cuc

MAI Thi Cuc

Post-Doc

ORCID
MAITRE Thomas

MAITRE Thomas

PH

ORCID
MOREL Florence

MOREL Florence

AHU - Doctorante

ORCID
ROBERT Jérôme

ROBERT Jérôme

PU-PH

ORCID
SADOWSKI Elodie

SADOWSKI Elodie

Post-Doc

ORCID
SOUGAKOFF Wladimir (deceased)

SOUGAKOFF Wladimir (deceased)

MCU-PH

ORCID
TOURNEBIZE Régis

TOURNEBIZE Régis

CRCN

ORCID
VEZIRIS Nicolas

VEZIRIS Nicolas

PU-PH

ORCID

Our research focus on 4 axes

1. Epidemiology of antimicrobial resistance (AMR) (Enterobacteriaceae and mycobacteria)

A better knowledge of the prevalence, risk factors, and molecular epidemiology of MDR bacteria is of utmost public health importance.

Our research is based on the participation to and/or coordination of national and international surveillance and research networks or cohorts (ONERBA , National Reference Center for Mycobacteria , AZAY-Mycobacteria , group mycobacteria of the Fench Society for Microbiology, TBnet , ESGMYC , ECDC  and WHO ) in collaboration with clinicians and national experts.

These collaborations allowed us to better assess the effectiveness of new drugs such as bedaquiline for MDR-TB, and to analyse the epidemiology of MDR-TB in France, Europe or Asia and the epidemiology of MDR Enterobacteriaceae in France (ESBL or carbapenemase-positive) or abroad (China, Vietnam).

2. Novel strategies to fight antimicrobial resistance (AMR) in Enterobacteriaceae and mycobacteria

Because Enterobacteriaceae infections (e.g Klebsiella pneumoniae (KP)) mainly result from prior colonization, we are trying to better understand the capacity of KP to colonize the gut microbiota and to identify new approaches (e.g. bacteriophages) to specifically eliminate MDR KP from the gut.

We are also developing new antibiotics and antibiotics regimens that are evaluated for their efficacy using preclinical models of mycobacteria infections (M. tuberculosis, M. avium and M. abscessus) for which we have extensive and recognized expertise.

Moreover, we are developing experimental evolution approaches to identify new mechanisms directly involved in or facilitating AMR emergence, as well as the host impact on emergence of AMR.

3. Study of molecular mechanisms of drug activity and resistance in mycobacteria

Multidrug resistant (MDR) tuberculosis (TB) bacteria being increasingly isolated, our goals are to (i) investigate the molecular mechanisms accounting for drug resistance in tuberculosis, (ii) provide a comprehensive assessment of MDR tuberculosis in France, (iii) improve drug-susceptibility testing and in silico predictions, and (iv) target the genetic basis underlying the spread and success of major MDR M. tuberculosis lineages.

Capitalizing on 1,300 MDR isolates longitudinally collected in France, we combine active surveillance data with advanced genomic epidemiology and phylogenetic analysis to identify mutations involved in antimicrobials resistance and the transmission dynamics of TB. Because M. tuberculosis is a slowly growing bacterium, we expect to develop faster AMR prediction tools that are essential for prescription of personalised TB patients’ treatments.

4. Neglected infectious diseases such as Buruli Ulcer, leprosy and rhinoscleroma

We are involved in studies evaluating new strategies to treat neglected infectious diseases such as Buruli Ulcer, and leprosy.

We also investigate how K. rhinoscleromatis, causing a chronic disease, and K. pneumoniae, causing acute infections, differently interact with and manipulate the host response during respiratory infections, focusing especially on their interaction with monocytes.

The opportunities

  • to provide novel insights into new antimicrobial drug targets
  • to provide new insights in antibacterial drug resistance
  • to develop allele recombination-based approaches to decipher mechanisms involved in transmission of tuberculosis thorough multidisciplinary approaches and consortium involving clinicians, microbiologists, bioinformaticians and epidemiologists, as well as pharma or European initiatives

Publications

1.

Ates LS, Dippenaar A, Sayes F, Pawlik A, Bouchier C, Ma L, Warren RM, Sougakoff W, Majlessi L, van Heijst JWJ, Brossier F, Brosch R. Unexpected Genomic and Phenotypic Diversity of Mycobacterium africanum Lineage 5 Affects Drug Resistance, Protein Secretion, and Immunogenicity. Genome Biol Evol. 2018 Aug 1;10(8):1858-1874. doi: 10.1093/gbe/evy145. PMID: 30010947; PMCID: PMC6071665.

2.

Petrella S, Capton E, Raynal B, Giffard C, Thureau A, Bonneté F, Alzari PM, Aubry A*, Mayer C* (*co-last authors). Overall Structures of Mycobacterium tuberculosis DNA Gyrase Reveal the Role of a Corynebacteriales GyrB-Specific Insert in ATPase Activity. Structure, 2019; 27:579-589.e5 . doi: 10.1016/j.str.2019.01.004

3.

Kort F, Fournier Le Ray L, Chauffour A, Jarlier V, Lounis N, Andries K, Aubry A, Guglielmetti L, Veziris N (2020) Fully weekly antituberculosis regimen: a proof-of-concept study. Eur Respir J 56:1902502 .
https://doi.org/10.1183/13993003.02502-2019

4.

Scherr N, Bieri R, Thomas SS, Chauffour A*, Kalia NP, Schneide P, Ruf M-T, Lamelas A, Manimekalai MSS, Grüber G, Ishii N, Suzuki K, Tanner M, Moraski GC, Miller MJ, Witschel M, Jarlier V, Pluschke G, Pethe K (2018) Targeting the Mycobacterium ulcerans cytochrome bc1:aa3 for the treatment of Buruli ulcer. Nat Commun 9:5370 . https://doi.org/10.1038/s41467-018-07804-8 (*: co first authors)

5.

R. O. Phillips, J. Robert, K M. Abass, W. Thompson, FS. Sarfo, T. Wilson, G. Sarpong, T. Gateau, A. Chauty, R. Omollo, M. Ochieng Otieno, TW. Egondi, E O Ampadu, D. Agossadou, E. Marion, L. Ganlonon, M. Wansbrough-Jones, J. Grosset, J. M Macdonald, T. Treadwell, P. Saunderson, A. Paintsil, L. Lehman, M. Frimpong, F. Nanaa Sarpong, R. Saizonou, A. Tiendrebeogo, SA Ohene, Y. Stienstra, K. B Asiedu, T. van der Werf. Rifampicin and clarithromycin (extended Release) versus rifampicin and streptomycin for limited Buruli ulcer lesions: a randomized, open-label, non-inferiority phase 3 trial. 2020 ; Lancet 2020;395 :1259-1267. doi: 10.1016/S0140-6736(20)30047-7.